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Copyright's Fair Use Doctrine

Fair use is a limitation on the right of copyright. A use which is considered fair does not infringe copyright, even if it involves one of the exclusive rights of copyright holders. Fair use permits people to make a copy of part or all of a copyrighted work, even though the copyright holder has not given permission or objects to the use of the work. It’s a copyright principle based on the belief that the public is entitled to freely use portions of copyrighted materials for purposes of commentary and criticism.

Copyright Ownership: Work Made For Hire

The author of the work is the person who actually creates the work. This person is the one who translates an idea into a fixed, tangible expression that is entitled to copyright protection.

In some instances, the person may be creating the work as a “Work Made For Hire”. This means that under certain employment conditions, the actual creator of a work is not the legal author of the work. For works created after January 1, 1978, a distinction was made between employees acting within the scope of their employment and the creation of the work by independent contractors.

Networking... It’s Easier Than You Think

Networking - the practice of gathering contacts. The concept seems simple enough but putting the practice into effect is harder than it seems. Many people don’t realize the value of networking. Networking is invaluable on so many levels. It’s a source of referrals for work, a source of information and a great way to meet colleagues who in many instances can turn into great friends.